Stoma – Surgically-created opening in the body between the skin and a hollow viscus

Osteomalacia & Rickets

Osteomalacia & Rickets – Normal bone tissue but with abnormal or impaired bone mineralisation resulting in soft bones

Coeliac Disease

Coeliac Disease – Chronic inflammatory disease of the small bowel related to gluten ingestion


Pancreatitis – Inflammation of the pancreas by enzyme-mediated autodigestion

Diabetic Ketoacidosis

Diabetic Ketoacidosis – Life-threatening medical emergency due to the build-up of ketones in the body

Diabetic Hypoglycaemia

Diabetic Hypoglycaemia – Lower than normal blood glucose levels (< 4 mmol/L), particularly in diabetic patients on insulin