“Cancers of the head and neck”

Risk Factors
  • Smoking
  • Family history
  • Alcohol
  • HPV
  • Premalignant conditions (eg leukoplakia)
Common Types
  • Pleomorphic adenoma of the parotid gland
  • Oral squamous cell carcinoma
  • Papillary thyroid carcinoma
  • Acoustic neuroma
Clinical Presentation
  • Hoarseness of voice
  • Stridor
  • Dysphagia/odynophagia
  • Otalgia
  • Persistent neck lump
  • Mouth ulcer
  • Unilateral tonsillar mass
  • Parotid mass
  • Goitre
Investigations
  • Full head and neck examinations
  • Fibreoptic nasolaryngopharyngoscopy
  • Ultrasound-guided FNA cytology and biopsy for neck lumps
Management
  • Surgery
  • Radiotherapy
  • Chemotherapy
Complications
  • Lymph node invasion
  • Distal metastases
  • Surgical complications

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